Tasmania is the smallest of Australia's six states; an island
off the south-east corner of the Australian mainland. Roughly
triangular in shape, it is surrounded by smaller islands, the
most important ones being Flinders, King and Bruny. The state
is separated from the Australian mainland by Bass Strait, and
the remaining coastline is bounded by the Southern Ocean on the
south and west and the Tasman Sea on the east. Hobart, Tasmania's
capital city, is in the south of the state, extending over both
sides of the River Derwent. Founded in 1804, it is the second
oldest city in Australia. Today Hobart functions as the main
administrative and commercial centre of the state.
Tasmania's population is divided almost equally between the north
and south. The population pattern has resulted from geographical,
historical and commercial factors which have led to the development
of a number of relatively large centres on the island's north
coast. These serve as centres for the agricultural and industrial
activities typical of the region and include Launceston, Devonport
Retail opening hours are unrestricted in Tasmanial large supermarkets
such as Coles and Woolworths are generally open from 7am - 9pm
7 days a week. Many smaller convenience stores are open longer.
ATMs and EFTPOS facilities are widely available.
Most banks are open 09:30a - 4pm Monday to Friday.
Petrol, diesle and LPG are generally available 24 hours in
major centres. As with many parts of regional Australia petrol
prices are slightly higher which is offset by not having to drive
as far due to the compact nature of Tasmania. The
Royal Automobile Club of Tasmania tracks current petrol
Tasmania operates on Australian Eastern Standard Time.
For daylight saving, clocks are advanced one hour between the
start of October and end of March. Electricity is supplied at
230/240 volts (50 hertz)
Tasmania's Agricultural Restrictions and Quarantine
Tasmania has some of the world's toughest quarantine regulations.
It is the only Australian state free from fruit fly, potato cyst
nematode and tobacco blue mould. Like the rest of Australia,
Tasmania is also free from many serious diseases of animals such
as foot and mouth disease, mad cow disease, rabies and rinderpest.
Tasmania works hard to keep it that way so quarantine laws
are strict, with sniffer dogs regularly on patrol at major airports.
Tasmania has details on restricted items.
The speed limit in built-up areas is 50 kms p/h
unless otherwise indicated. The maximum speed possible on roads
outside cities and towns is usually 100 kilometres per hour,
although there is a limit of 110 kilometres per hour on a some
of the state's better roads. On all open roads,
however, lower speed limits are frequently indicated and these
limits must be adhered to.
Speed cameras and random breath testing units operate throughout